Balsam Poplar

Balsam Poplar TreeBalsam Poplar Landscape

Balsam Poplar - Populus balsamifera

General: Very tall tree with deeply cracked grey bark. Buds are very sticky and smelly.

Leaves: Egg-shaped with a long pointy tip. Dark green on top and whitish on the bottom, with a round leaf stalk. Leaves turn yellow in the fall.

Flowers: Catkins that appear before the leaves in spring.

Reclamation Notes: Tolerant of wet soils, can withstand periodic flooding. Often found next to water or in areas where there is a high water table. Reproduces through suckering and from seed. Used primarily in pulp/paper production and OSB (oriented strand board) production by the forest industry.

Recent studies have demonstrated success with unrooted cuttings that had been soaked in water for 1-3 days and planted deeply into mounds to reduce dessication of buds and grass competition.

Desrochers A., B. R. Thomas & R. Butson. 2004. Reclamation of roads and landings with balsam poplar cuttings. Forest Ecology and Management 199 (2004) 39-50.


Balsam Poplar Bark           Balsam Poplar Leaves



14511-82 Ave

Edmonton AB

T5R 3R7